Gardenia

Gardenia

Life form Bush
Family Rubiaceae
Origin China, Japan, Taiwan, India
Ease of cultivation Requires special care
The size Usually from 40 cm to 1 m in height
Growth rate Average
Lifespan With proper care of up to 7 years
Temperature In the summer: 71,6-77 ° F, in winter 57,2-60,8 ° F.
Humidity High. Spray as often as once a day on top of soft water to the big water drops did not fall on the flowers. Put the pot in a tray with wet pebbles so that the bottom of the pot does not touch the water.
Lighting A bright place, but not direct sunlight. Suitable for south-west, south-east window, to the south – with a shading.
The soil Suitable ready soil with acidity pH 4.5-5.5. For the soil of own preparation it is possible to take equal parts of peat, humus, turf and sand. You can add one part of the land from under the coniferous forest. It is mandatory to use drainage.
Watering During flowering in summer abundant regular watering, the soil should not dry out. Use only soft water. Twice a month, add lemon juice (several drops per 1 liter of water) to the water for irrigation. In winter, watering is moderate. It is required not to fill the plant, but, at the same time, the soil should never dry up, even in winter
Fertilizer From spring to autumn every two weeks with liquid fertilizer without lime. You can use fertilizer for orchids.
Reproduction Semilignified apical cuttings of about 10 cm from July to September teplichke (or covered with polyethylene) with a lower heated in a mixture of peat and perlite with IAA. Sometimes you can root in the water. After rooting (about a month), plant it separately in a pot.
Bloom White fragrant flowers, which later change coloring to a yellowish-beige color. Abundant flowering from May to November. Some varieties bloom in winter (G.veitchii).
Transfer As rarely as possible, every 2-3 years, only if the pot is small.
Features of care Do not allow drafts and sudden temperature changes. Do not put the pot in a tank of water. The low temperature in winter allows you to achieve abundant flowering. It is useful to cut weak shoots in spring and pinch the tops of branches for better branching.
Difficulties Affected spider mites, scale insects, aphids, scale insects, thrips and whiteflies. Flowers and buds can fall due to sudden temperature changes, or, if you just turn the plant. The leaves turn yellow in too acidic soil or, conversely, as a result of watering with cold and hard water. The edges of the leaves darken and dry because of insufficient or excessive watering or because of the dry air. Dark spots on the petals appear due to improper watering.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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