Fuchsia

Fuchsia

Life form Grassy, ​​ampel
Family Onagraceae
Origin Tropics of Central and South America
Ease of cultivation Quite easy to grow a plant, but you should take into account the small nuances while caring for it.
The size In room conditions – from 30 cm to 1.5 m in length.
Growth rate High, up to 30-38 cm per season.
Lifespan Long-term, but requires an update
Temperature In summer, cool conditions prevail: up to 75,2 ° F, in winter it can withstand a temperature of 42,8 ° F. It is desirable to have a cold winter at a temperature of + 42,8-50 ° F.
Humidity Increased, needed spraying at least twice a week. And in conditions of extreme heat, it needs to be sprayed 2 times a day, but not on its flowers.
Lighting Bright diffused light. It should be shaded from the midday sun in the summer. East and west windows and a small amount of direct sunlight in the morning and in the evening are more suitable. It takes half a shadow and a shadow, but the colors will be worse.
The soil Suitable shop soil. For a mixture of own preparation one should take: 1 part of coarse-grained sand or perlite, 1 part of leaf land, 1 part of sod land, 1 part of humus earth, 1 part of peat. Good drainage is required.
Watering In summer, depending on the temperature of the air, it is required that the earth clod always remain moist, the surface of the earth may dry up a little, but inside the soil should not dry out. Water the plant better in the morning or evening. In the winter, watering is limited.
Fertilizer Fertilize should be every 2 weeks with a complex liquid fertilizer.
Reproduction It propagates easily with stem cuttings 5-8 cm in length, which should be planted several times in a pot 12 cm in diameter, placing it in a mini-greenhouse for germination.Cuttings for 1-1.5 weeks easily give roots in water or in a mixture of sand and peat. Can be propagated by seeds that are sown in a mixture of peat and sand. Seedlings appear after 50 days. A month later the seedlings dive. Then, 5-6 pieces are planted seedlings in pots, not forgetting to pinch the tops for better branching.
Bloom Blooms from May to October with stellate tubular flowers with crooked sepals, bright corolla and long stamens.
Transfer In spring, annually in a pot of a larger size. Young plants can be transplanted several times a season until they reach the size of an adult plant.
Features of care The plant requires regular pruning to form a compact crown, shoots are cut to a third of the length. Wilted flowers should be removed in a timely manner. There are ampel varieties of fuchsia hybrid, which are suitable for hanging baskets. Other varieties have more powerful shoots, they can be given a bush form with the help of regular pruning or can be formed in the form of a stamping culture.
Difficulties It is affected by a spider mite, aphids and whiteflies. Sometimes it is affected by gray rot. Buds can fall if the plant is disturbed. The leaves wither and fall off in the case of lack of moisture in the soil or in very dry air. Gray or brown spots on the leaves indicate fungal infection. Brown spots with yellow edges are a sign of excessive watering. Stretched shoots, lack of flowering indicate a lack of light. A short bloom indicates a too warm winter or a lack of food. Withered leaves with moist soil – a sign of rotting roots.Sometimes immediately after the purchase the plant dumps flowers due to a change in the conditions of growth. Therefore, it is better to buy plants with buds, not flowers.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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