Freesia

Freesia

Life form Herbaceous
Family Iridaceae
Origin South Africa
Ease of cultivation Easy enough for growing a plant.
The size Height to 46 cm.
Growth rate Grows during the season.
Lifespan Perennial.
Temperature Summer requires coolness. From mid-autumn to early spring, a temperature of + 41 ° F is needed.
Humidity The optimum humidity level is 50%. The plant adapts to dry air, but it is useful to regularly spray freesia to avoid the appearance of a spider mite.
Lighting A bright diffused light in the summer, a bit of direct sun in the morning. Suitable for the eastern and western window, blossoming freesia should be shaded from the direct midday rays to prolong flowering.
The soil A breathable well drained soil is suitable (pH 6-7). For own soil, you can take   3 parts of garden land, 1 part of coarse sand or perlite, 1 part of peat. It is mandatory to use drainage.
Watering During flowering regular copious watering, approximately every 2-4 days. Use only soft water. The soil between watering should be slightly dried to avoid rotting of the leucocytes. After the cut has been flowering, do not water for the rest of the period.
Fertilizer During flowering 1 time in 2-4 weeks with liquid fertilizer. The plant does not need too high doses of fertilizers.
Reproduction The plant easily reproduces offsprings of corms. Often corms at home do not bloom a second time, so spring is mostly planted by children.The second way of reproduction is in the spring.
Bloom Blossom in the middle of spring white, burgundy, pink, yellow, red, orange flowers about 5 cm in diameter on a peduncle 30-40 cm long.
Transfer Planted corms in late summer – early winter. Do not over-tighten the bulbs too much.
Features of care After flowering, the plant withers, at the beginning of summer the corms are excavated, dried and stored for storage. The corms of freesia are planted from the end of summer to the beginning of winter (best from September to November) at a distance of 5-8 cm from each other no more than 6 pieces per pot 13 cm in diameter; slightly poured with a substrate, a layer of peat is poured 2.5-3 cm. The pot is placed in the sun and for some time (about 2 months) the bulbs are kept under limited watering at a temperature of + 80,6 ° F until sprouts appear. At this time, over-moistening is dangerous by the rotting of the bulb. After the emergence of a sprout about 5 cm watering should become more intense. The pot is moved to a cooler place (temperature about + 64,4 ° F). The pot is rotated every 2 days.The plant needs support.
Difficulties It is most often affected by aphids, spider mites. Perhaps the appearance of aphids and rotting of the bulbs in the excessive moisture. If the corms have crocked areas, it is most likely a dry rot of gladioli, in which case the bulb must be destroyed.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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