Ficus rubiginosa

Ficus rubiginosa

Life form Shrub, tree
Family Moraceae
Origin Australia
Ease of cultivation Easy enough for growing a plant
The size In the room, most often up to 1 m. In nature, up to 4 m high.
Growth rate Not very tall
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In the summer: 64,4-73,4 ° F, in winter about 60,8 ° F, although the rusty ficus also tolerates lower temperatures for a short time.
Humidity High. Daily spraying of plants with water at room temperature is required, especially in winter. After spraying the plant, it should be shaded from the bright sun. When the heating is on, the plant should be placed away from the radiators (not less than 2 m).
Lighting Bright diffused light. This species is quite shade-tolerant, however, in the sun, the leaves of the plant acquire red-brown pubescence and do not burn out. As a result, the plant beautifully shimmers.
The soil Fertile, weakly acidic or neutral: 1 part of the turf ground, 1 part of the leaf earth, 1/2 part of the sand, you can add a little charcoal. Either 1 part of the turf ground, 1 part peat, 1 part of the leaf earth, 1 part sand (pH 6.5-7.5). Requires good drainage, the best option if a lower layer is composed of expanded clay, sand and the upper.
Watering Summer regular moderate watering defended warm water (1-2 times per week), the soil should dry well before the next irrigation. It is always necessary to pour water out of the pan and prevent moisture stagnation in order to avoid the development of fungal diseases. In winter, watering is reduced to 1 time in 7-10 days. Avoid overmoistening.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn, every 2 weeks, liquid fertilizer, alternating organic and mineral, rich in nitrogen and kaleiem.
Reproduction Upper cuttings 10-18 cm, at least with three pairs of healthy leaves (the lower two pairs should be removed), in spring in a greenhouse (or covered with polyethylene) in a mixture of peat and perlite or earth with sand, at a temperature of 77 ° F. Cut the cuttings better to pre-treat with corn (or heteroauxin). Set for germination in diffuse light conditions. After 2 weeks, polyethylene can be removed. After rooting, put in a pot about 10 cm in diameter.This species of ficus is multiplied more easily by means of air layers.
Bloom Like all ficuses, it forms syconia – small globular brown inflorescence about 2 cm in size, reminiscent of a berry.
Transfer In February-March, young plants annually, increasing the diameter of the pot by 4-5 cm. In adult plants, if the pot diameter exceeds 30 cm, you can replace the top 3 cm of soil.
Features of care This species is characterized by the formation of air roots, especially intense in conditions of high humidity. The plant does not like drafts. Ficus rusty-red can be grown in a bonsai culture. In order to form the crown should be regularly shortened shoots.
Difficulties It is affected by mealybugs, as well as aphids, scutes and thrips. The new shoots are thin, and the leaves are small, either as a result of a lack of light, or with a lack of nutrition.Leaves may fall off when changing the place of growth conditions.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


Related posts
Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *