Eucomis

Eucomis

Life form Grassy, ​​bulbous
Family Lileaceae
Origin South Africa
Ease of cultivation Easy with small difficulties
The size Up to 70 cm in height
Growth rate Average
Lifespan 4-5 years
Temperature During flowering, the optimum temperature is + 68-77 ° F. Requires a period of rest at a temperature of + 59-62,6 ° F
Humidity Medium or high humidity is desirable (up to 80%). It is better to put a pot in a pallet with wet claydite. However, the plant adapts to drier conditions, eukomis is sprayed during germination, then it is better not to spray.
Lighting Needs bright illumination on the southern window. However, in a strong heat, the plant needs to be shaded.
The soil For a mixture of own preparation, take: 3 parts of turf ground, 1 part coarse-grained sand or perlite, 1 part wet peat or humus. You can mix garden soil with sand in a ratio of 4: 1. (pH 5.6-7.4). Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering In the spring, moderate. In summer abundant – warm water. The soil must be constantly moist. However, overmoistening is dangerous. After the flowering, the intensity of irrigation is gradually reduced. In September, stop it altogether.
Fertilizer As soon as the buds appear and before the full withering of the leaves it is desirable to feed the liquid fertilizer every 2 weeks
Reproduction Eukomis is propagated by the branch of daughter bulbs, as well as by seeds that sprout for 4-6 weeks. The plant obtained from the seeds blooms about the 5th year. You can propagate the plant leaf cuttings. From the growing flower, separate the leaf at the base and cut it into 4-6 cm segments. Note that the upper and lower part of the segment should be noted. Then cut the cuttings vertically into a mixture of peat with sand to a depth of 2.5 cm, cover with polyethylene and germinate at a temperature of + 68 ° F, ventilating 2 times a week. After 8-10 weeks on the lower edge of the leaves bulbs are formed, sprouts should be planted separately.
Bloom Inflorescence is a sultan of small bell-shaped flowers whitish-yellow or greenish-burgundy in color. Flowering begins after the plant develops 6-8 leaves.
Features of care The plant has a rest period. In autumn and winter, after drying the leaves, the bulbs are dried, the dried roots are removed and stored in a box of sand in the refrigerator at a low positive temperature, without moistening. In spring, beginners are planted to grow bulbs. In summer, after flowering, the dried flower stem is cut, put the pot on a bright spot and watered occasionally. When the leaves die, the bulbs get out of the pot.
Transfer It is better to take a large plastic pot and do not land a few bulbs in one bowl. Spring bulbs after a period of rest, in which there were bright sprouts are planted, placing the tip at the soil level.
Difficulties It is possible the bulb will rot with excessive moistening. The absence of flowering or too ugly inflorescences may indicate an insufficient period of rest or a complete absence of a cold dark period, as well as a lack of lighting.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


Related posts
Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *