Epipremnum

Epipremnum

Life form Herbaceous, ampel, liana
Family Araceae
Origin Tropical regions of Southeast Asia, Solomon Islands, Malay Archipelago, Indonesia
Ease of cultivation Very easy to grow a plant.
The size At home, it can reach a length of up to 4.5 meters
Growth rate It grows quite quickly: up to 30-46 cm per year.
Lifespan Perennial plants
Temperature In the summer: 64,4-75,2 ° F. In winter it is better to keep the temperature at least 55,4-60,8 ° F.
Humidity It is preferable to maintain a humidity of about 60%. In the summer it is better to spray at least 3 times a week (or better every day), in winter it should be kept away from the radiators and periodically wipe the leaves with a damp cloth. It is also useful to spray the supports to which the plants are attached and keep the pots in the pan with wet claydite. Although the plant is fairly stable, high humidity conditions will ensure its optimal growth.
Lighting It prefers scattered light and adapts to penumbra, it is possible to grow at a distance of 0.5-2 m from a brightly lit window. However, under the conditions of shading, the color of the leaves becomes less variegated, and the size is smaller.
The soil For the soil of own preparation, take: 1 part of sod land, 1 part of coarse-grained sand or perlite, 3 parts of leaf land. Either – 1 part sod, 1 part humus, 1 part peat land, 1/2 sand. Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering In spring and summer, water once in 4-5 days with warm water at room temperature, in winter – no more than once in 7-8 days. The soil between the watering should gently dry out from above.
Fertilizer In spring and summer, once a month, liquid fertilizer in half the concentration.
Reproduction Very easily multiply by apical cuttings bearing at least two leaves. The stalk is planted in a mixture of peat and moss. Root at a temperature of 68-71,6 ° F, covering the container with glass or polyethylene. The easiest way is to propagate a plant by rooting cuttings in spring water.
Bloom Cob with a veil 5-6 cm in length, the house almost does not bloom, flowers do not have much value.
Transfer Young plants are transplanted every year in April. Then – 1 time in 2-3 years.
Features of care Scindapsus poorly tolerates the effects of gas combustion products and does not like drafts. Usually requires support, the moss-covered pole is best suited. The plant can be cut in spring. To form a bushy shape, shoots are cut in spring in half their length.
Difficulties It is affected by spider mite, scab, aphids, mealybug. The leaves turn yellow, but they do not fade when the plant is undernourished. On the leaves appear brown spots, and the tips are curled in too dry air. Brown spots and black edges can sometimes indicate that the plant is cold and wet. The leaves are small and pale, their offline mottled coloring, and an elongated stem with a deficiency of light. The stems can decay with excessive watering. Leaves can turn pale and from excess of sunlight.
Air cleaning Clears air from formaldehyde and xylene. Included NASA in the number of 3 species of plants that most effectively purify the air. Scindapsus, in general, improves indoor air quality.
Toxicity You should be careful when handling the plant, as with all the aroids. The juice of these plants contain oxalate crystals, which when chewed can lead to pain and irritation of the lips, mouth and tongue. In severe cases, they can cause breathing problems and swelling of the throat.


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