Dipladenia

Dipladenia

Life form Liana, shrub
Family Apocynaceae
Origin Tropics of South America.
Ease of cultivation Difficult for beginners.
The size Can reach a size of 3-5 m, if the plant is not pruned. With a proper trimming of up to 45 cm.
Growth rate Fast, up to 60 cm or more per year, if not pruned.
Lifespan A perennial
Temperature In the summer: 64,4-69,8 ° F, at higher temperatures, higher humidity is required, in winter 55,4-59 ° F.
Humidity High, not less than 70%, the plant should be regularly sprayed with water at room temperature, keep the pot in wet peat or claydite.
Lighting Bright diffused light, can grow on the south window shading perfectly east and west window.
The soil Fertile, well drained soil is suitable.   2 parts of leafy land, 1 part of sod land, 1 part of peat land, 1/2 part of coarse sand or perlite. 2nd option:   1 part of peat land, 1 part humus earth, 1 part coarse-grained sand.   Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering Abundant in summer, 2-3 times a week. In the winter between watering the soil should dry out well.
Fertilizer From May to September 2 times a week, liquid fertilizer, diluted twice.
Reproduction The apical cuttings in spring in mini-teplichkah, constantly sprinkling and aeration. A stalk 8-10 cm long is planted in a mixture of peat and perlite, preliminarily cutting off the lower pair of leaves and making a small hole with a pencil in the soil. The container is covered with glass. Maintain a temperature of about 69,8 ° F. It is good to put the container on the radiator. The glass is removed after about 3 weeks. Plants are planted in a constant soil mixture. Blossom plants usually in the same year.
Bloom In the summer, pink, red, white bell-shaped flowers that last about 2 weeks.
Transfer Every year in the spring, the pot must be voluminous, deep enough and about 25 cm in diameter. In a tight pot, the plant feels bad. In adult plants, the topsoil can be replaced. Young plants grow 2-3 times in height a year.
Features of care Young shoots require support. Especially high air humidity and plant formation are necessary: ​​constant pruning of stretched shoots after flowering (should be left about 5 cm, if the plant is grown as a bush, if the plant is grown as an ampel, cut off the side shoots leaving the main one long). In summer, the plant is best placed in the garden or on the balcony. The plant loves airing.
Difficulties It  can be affected red spider mites, scale insects, mealybugs. If in winter the leaves turned yellow and fall off the plant, it is most likely, with the cold, the phenomenon is due to the summer too dry air. The plant grows poorly and does not blossom due to lack of nutrients.
Air cleaning
Toxicity Toxic, one should be careful with the juice of the plant.


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