Cytisus

Cytisus

Life form Shrub, tree
Family Fabaceae
Origin Mediterranean, Middle Europe
Ease of cultivation Easy with small difficulties
The size The broom reaches 1 m in height in nature, 60-90 cm in room conditions.
Growth rate For 3 years the plants grown from seeds reach 30-50 cm in height.
Lifespan 4-5 years.
Temperature The content is desirable at a temperature of + 42,8-64,4 ° F. During flowering, a temperature of not higher than + 60,8 ° F is desirable.
Humidity Spray the broom is not required.
Lighting Brightly lit place and 2-3 hours of direct sun in the spring. In further preferred broom prefers bright ambient light. When there is a lack of lighting, shoots stretch, with excess – the leaves turn yellow and twist.
The soil Ready-made general-purpose soil, suitable rich loose soil with the addition of a small amount of sand. For own preparation, take: 2 parts of turf, 1 part of humus earth, 1/2 part of coarse sand or perlite. Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering Intense, every 3-4 days. The soil should always be moist, but not too humid. In winter, watering is limited to 1 time per week.
Fertilizer During flowering, once every three weeks, a liquid fertilizer with an increased content of potassium.
Reproduction Seeds in the spring. Pre-soaked for 2 days and swollen seeds should be planted in a mixture of peat and perlite, on the surface of the substrate make grooves at a distance of 5 cm from each other. Seeds are placed in grooves at a distance of 5-6 cm from each other. Seeds are sprinkled with soil in a layer of 1 cm. The container should be covered with polyethylene, placed in a warm place under indirect light or fluorescent lamps (in case of lack of lighting, the shoots will stretch out and become weak). For better germination of seeds, you can rub their peel with emery paper. Seedlings diving one in 7 cm diameter pots. Then, as opletaniya ground roots rolled over 9-cm pots.The plant also multiplies in the summer with stem cuttings, at a temperature of 64,4-68 ° F they take root within 1-1.5 months.
Bloom In spring (March-May), racemose inflorescences with fragrant flowers in the form of a bright yellow butterfly. Duration of flowering – about a month.
Transfer Transplant the broom after flowering.
Features of care In summer it is desirable to take a plant in the garden or on the balcony. The plant prefers cool content, so it is advisable to regularly air the plant and enough early in the spring (in April) to take out on the street. It is necessary to cut branches with withered flowers in time for 2/3.
Difficulties It is affected by red spider mites and aphids. slow growth flowering lack thereof may be associated with a lack of nutrients or light.
Air cleaning
Toxicity The plant is poisonous. When eaten, it can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and other symptoms that are not life threatening.


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