Curcuma

Curcuma

Life form Bush
Family Zingibiraceae
Origin Malaysia, Australia’s Rainforests
Ease of cultivation Easy with small difficulties.
The size In the pot 60-80 cm, up to 1 m in height and width.
Growth rate High not only in height, but also in width, reaches adult sizes for 1 season.
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In summer: up to 71,6-82,4 ° F, in winter the roots are stored in a dry cool room at a temperature of 50-59 ° F. The plant is thermophilic, does not tolerate low temperatures.
Humidity Not less than 60%. Summer should be sprayed once a week, trying not to get on the inflorescence. In winter, rhizome must provide a dry winter.
Lighting Illuminated place, bright diffused light. Suitable south-west and south-east window, but with too bright light during the day, it’s better in order to avoid the appearance of burns.
The soil A ready-made, air-permeable primer with a small amount of sand is suitable. For soil preparation: 1 part of turf ground, 1 part peat, 1 part humus, 1 part leaf land, 1 part coarse sand or perlite. Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering Summer watered every 2-3 days as the soil dries. Between watering the soil should be moderately dry. By the autumn, watering is reduced, and in winter they are completely stopped.
Fertilizer From April to September 1 every 2 weeks with liquid fertilizer.
Reproduction By dividing the rhizomes of adult plants in February-March, which is divided into parts by a sharp knife, the surfaces of the slices are sprinkled with crushed charcoal, the site of the rhizome must have at least one kidney and two accessory roots. If the parts of the rhizome are too small, the plant will bloom late. Once planted in the soil is constant.
Bloom From August to September, forms large spikelets with green bracts, which turn up bright pink.
Transfer In the spring each year, the overwintered rhizomes are planted in a fresh soil mixture.
Features of care After flowering, cut the branches 10 cm from the base. The plant has a rest period. In late autumn, the leaves begin to die. Rhizome until February-March stored in the same soil, or in dry sand. In summer it is useful to take the plant out into the garden, but to place it in a place protected from the wind.
Difficulties At low humidity spider mite infestation may occur Quadraspidiotus perniciosus, spider mites, mealybugs, aphids, thrips, whiteflies. Flowering can not begin if the conditions of wintering of the rhizome were not observed. Growth is slowed by lack of light. Bracts and leaves are pale, the plant also extends from lack of illumination. Sometimes, with a small amount of light, bloom may not occur at all. There are few flower stems with an insufficiently developed rhizome. The tips of the leaves dry in dry air or with insufficient irrigation. Leaves wilt also with insufficient watering.
Air cleaning
Toxicity

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