Cuphea

Cuphea

Life form Bush
Family Lythraceae
Origin Mexico, Jamaica
Ease of cultivation Easy with small difficulties
The size Can reach 40-60 cm in height and width in room conditions.
Growth rate It grows relatively slowly
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In summer, prefers room temperature, in winter the minimum temperature is 50 ° F.
Humidity High, it is desirable to spray the plant at least three times a week.
Lighting Sunny place with a light shading. At Kufa is not insufficient light to bloom and the leaves become dull. In bright light, the edges of the leaves will turn red.
The soil Ready-made rich weakly acidic primer is suitable for general use. For a soil of own preparation, take: 1 part of the garden land, 1 part of coarse sand or perlite, 1 part of wet peat or humus (leaf land). Good drainage and a pot with a hole is required.
Watering To water very abundantly every 3-4 days, it is necessary to wet the earth well well, so that the water flows out of the drainage hole. The substrate should dry slightly between waterings, but it must never completely dry up.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn, every 2 weeks, a complex fertilizer with a high content of potassium and phosphorus.
Reproduction The apical cuttings in March-April at a soil temperature of 77 ° F. Use cuttings 7-8 cm, bottom leaves terminated by kornevinom treated slice. Plant cuttings in a mixture of peat and sand and cover with a film. Root at room temperature. After the roots are formed, the cuttings are planted separately.Can be propagated by seeds that have a fairly low germination capacity. They are sown in a substrate of peat and sand, slightly pressing into the soil, the soil is not sprinkled, covered with polyethylene and germinated in diffuse light at a temperature of not lower than 69,8 ° F. The soil should be periodically moistened. It is timely to form the crown, pinching the sprout at the correct height.
Bloom Tubular flowers, red and yellow in kufei fiery red and pink, white and purple, measuring about 2.5 cm. Blooms from June to November.
Transfer Young – every year, as far as braiding the roots of an earthy coma, in the spring, as soon as young leaves appear. Pick up a pot, 2-3 cm larger than the previous one in diameter. When the pot reaches a diameter of 25 cm, transplanted every 2-3 years.
Features of care For the summer it is good to take the plant in the garden. The plant does not like drafts. At the end of winter, shoots are cut to two thirds to stimulate flowering and growth.
Difficulties Infestation of aphids and spider mites. Stagnant water can cause rotting of the plant. Falling leaves are possible as a result of the action of a draft.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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