Columnea

Columnea

Life form Semi-shrub, ampel
Family Gesneriaceae
Origin Tropics of Central America
Ease of cultivation Easy with small difficulties
The size Drops sprouting up to 50 cm – 1 m in length.
Growth rate Fast enough. For a year, shoots extend by 38-50 centimeters.
Lifespan The plant is perennial, but over the years it loses decorativeness and requires rejuvenation.
Temperature In the summer: up to 73,4-75,2 ° F, in winter – 55,4-59 ° F.
Humidity Not less than 70-80%. It is better to keep the plant in moist pebbles, regularly sprinkling with warm water (from the cold spots on the leaves are possible), especially at high temperatures.
Lighting Bright diffused light or partial shade. The west and east windows are suitable. You can place it next to the window.
The soil The soil must be breathable and fertile. Suitable soil for Saintpaulia.   2 pieces of leafy land,   1 part peat,   1 part of coarse sand or perlite, 1 part of turf. Good drainage is required. Always use a pot with an opening.
Watering The soil must be constantly moist, but you must not allow overflow. In summer, water 2-3 times a week. In winter, water less often, about 1 time a week.
Fertilizer During the vegetation period from April to October, once every 2-3 weeks, feed on liquid fertilizer. In winter, do not fertilize.
Reproduction The apical cuttings (about 10 cm long) in the spring, which are easily rooted in a mixture of peat and sand. Lower leaves should be cut off. To accelerate rooting, cover cuttings with glass or film. As the cuttings grow, one should pinch. Also cuttings are well rooted in the water. Can be propagated by seeds.
Bloom Blossoms in winter and spring, tubular flowers are bright red.
Transfer It is rare enough in the spring, when the roots will weave the entire earth clod. Care should be taken since long shoots can be broken.
Features of care After flowering it is desirable to trim shoots. Winter peace and cool content provide a bookmark of flower buds, and at the end of winter you should move the plant to a warmer place. Do not wash, spray only. Plant shoots need support in hanging baskets. Species with smooth leaves are more easy to care for, compared to pubescence.
Difficulties It is affected by a spider mite. Possible fungus from too abundant watering. The leaves may fall off, and the stems may rot in the cold with excessive watering. The leaves are dry, the plant looks droopy with insufficient humidity. A weak stunted growth indicates the need for additional fertilization. The lack of flowering is most often associated with a lack of light. The leaves are twisted from insufficient watering, from too much heat and stuffiness. Brown spots on the leaves – the result of a burn, if you spray the plant in the sun. With an excess of fertilizers, the plant may wilt from a root burn.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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