Clematis

Clematis

Life form Liana, bush, shrub
Family Ranunculus – Ranunculaceae
Origin and distribution Different regions of Europe and Asia.
Ease of cultivation This plant is intended for growing in the garden. However, some clematis varieties are successfully cultivated at home (Flora, Boulevard, Garland, Sugar Candy, Madame Julia Correvon, Niobe, Snow Queen, Bees Jubilee, Carnaby, Dawn, Fireworks, Lady Northcliffe, Royalty).
The size From 50 cm to 1 m or more. For growing in an apartment it is better to use low-growing varieties (no higher than 2.5 m), blooming on last year’s shoots. However, it should be taken into account that even the most compact varieties reach a length of 1.8 m.
Growth rate Very high, especially in the second-third year, up to 20 cm per day.
Lifespan Long-term. The room is cultivated for about 3 years, then planted in the garden. After several years of growing outdoors, it is possible to start again the forcing of the plant in the house.
Temperature The optimum temperature of the content in summer is + 69,8-73,4 ° F. It is very useful to place the plant on a balcony or take it out to the garden. For the winter, clematis is transferred to a cool dark place (for example, to a basement or garage) and carried to the window in about January-February. It is best to place the plant on a heated balcony so that the temperature is about + 46,4-59 ° F, otherwise at a higher temperature the plant can discard the buds. After their appearance, the temperature can be raised to + 64,4 ° F.
Humidity It is required not high, with ventilation, since with stagnation of air it is possible the development of various diseases. However, during a period of intense heat, frequent spraying is necessary.
Lighting A bright light is required, at least 6 hours of direct sun daily: south, south-west window or southeast window. On the southern side of the summer will require shading. With a lack of light can change color of flowers, it can be pale green or later will have plenty of bright color. Due to lack of lighting, the plant may not bloom at all. Therefore, in February-March, its additional illumination is often used.
The soil A fertile, loose substrate is used. You can use compost, diluted with sand with the addition of peat. A very good drainage is required from claydite clay or foam. A pallet is required.Very useful mulch layer about 5 cm thick.
Watering More intensive irrigation is required, than when growing in the garden, and also more frequent, in comparison with other indoor plants. You can use watering from the pallet. In summer the soil must be moist all the time. In winter, it is periodically moistened, preventing it from drying completely.
How to fertilize Feed complex fertilizer with the ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium 10:20:10 at least once a month.
Reproduction For expelling the clematis, the apartment uses seedlings grown in the garden. Propagate by cuttings from the middle part of the shoot in a glass with a mixture of peat and perlite at a temperature of + 77 ° F. It is better to use a greenhouse or cover the cups with polyethylene. Also propagate by dividing the bush. Some varieties are propagated by seeds.
Bloom Stargate flowers of blue, pink, white. Old flowers need to be removed in a timely manner. Faded plant should be cut or planted in the garden.
Transplant and care Plant the plants in very large pots about 60-70 cm high, with a diameter of at least 40-50 cm. It is good to use ceramic dishes, but plastic containers can also be used. Most often for greenery, self-made containers of wood, which can be tinned from the inside.   The plant requires support. Usually it is made of two rods, which are cross-linked together by slats or wire. Often, when the shoots reach a large length, they are fixed along the walls and ceiling. It is required to regularly cut the dried shoots.   There are three types of clematis, and each has its own requirements for pruning. In early blossoming clematis, which bloom on the shoots of the previous year, all dead and weak stems are removed immediately after flowering, and healthy at an altitude of about 70 cm by 0.5 cm below the petioles of the leaves or the base of the kidneys.   At blossoming in late spring, remove all the shoots older than 2 years, and the rest are pruned at the level of the uppermost bud. Clematis, which blossom between the middle and end of summer on shoots of old and new growth, only dead shoots are removed as soon as the plant has filled the entire pot.   In plants where flowers appear at the end of summer on annual shoots, in spring the entire shoot is cut, leaving only the lowest pair of buds.
Difficulties The main pests of clematis are whitefly, aphids, spider mites. Also affects fungal infections.
Toxicity Clematis is poisonous. The plant contains a protoanemonin glycoside, which is irritating and toxic to humans and domestic animals.


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