Calliandra

Calliandra

Life form Tree
Family Fabaceae
Origin Brazil, Bolivia
Ease of cultivation Easy with small difficulties, a fairly hardy plant.
The size 1.8 m in height in nature, but it is desirable to maintain the room ramzery no more than 60-90 cm.
Growth rate High
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature Calliandra – heat-loving plant, it should be protected from drafts. In the summer: up to 73,4-77, in winter not lower than 60,8 ° F.
Humidity At least 60%, the plant should be sprayed in the morning and in the evening and increase the humidity by all known  ways.
Lighting A brightly lit place on the south or west window. Prefers bright diffused light. It can grow in a small shading.
The soil Ready-made general-purpose soil, suitable rich loose soil with the addition of a small amount of sand (pH 6-7.5). Soil homemade take: 1 part of the greenhouse ground, 1 part peat, 1 part humus manure, 1 part coarse sand or perlite. Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering Intense, every 3 days. The soil should always be moist, but not too humid. With a lack of moisture, the leaves quickly fall off. At watering it is impossible, that water got on leaves.
Fertilizer Begin to feed Calliandra be 2 months after flowering once every two to three weeks with liquid fertilizer for flowering plants. It is possible to use organic fertilizing.
Reproduction Seeds in the spring. Pre-soaked for 2 days and swollen seeds should be planted in a mixture of peat and perlite, on the surface of the substrate make grooves at a distance of 5 cm from each other. Seeds are placed in grooves at a distance of 5-6 cm from each other. Seeds are sprinkled with soil in a layer of 1 cm. The container should be covered with polyethylene, placed in a warm place under indirect light or fluorescent lamps (in case of lack of lighting, the shoots will stretch and become weak). For better germination of seeds, you can rub their peel with emery paper. Seedlings usually appear in 2 weeks. After 7-10 days, water them with a solution of complex fertilizer. Too thick crops are thinned out. When they have pinnate leaves, they will need to be placed in small pots and also covered with foil for the first time. Seedlings should not be pinched.Calliandra propagated stem cuttings (7.5 cm) at 77 ° F in a mini-teplichke in moist perlite without air access using hormones.
Bloom Calliandra winter flowers, inflorescence forming spherical fluffy red color value of 8 cm.Each flower lasts about 2 months.
Transfer Every year the young plants are transplanted as Rostand larger pot. Older plants are changing the upper layer of soil, being careful not to damage the shallow roots.
Features of care The plant is suitable for bonsai. In the summer it is better to make Calliandra the street. Calliandra has an interesting feature of the folding leaves when touched, and at night. Calliandra needs regular pruning half for the transplant. More hardy species is Calliandra Tweed.
Difficulties Affected whitefly, aphids, mealy bugs, spider mites. Pests often hit Calliandra with a lack of fresh air or light. In the case of waterlogging in the cold, plants can rot. The leaves turn yellow, and the leaves fall off with insufficient watering or in too dry air. Calliandra Slow growth and flowering lack thereof may be associated with a lack of nutrients, light, or cold.
Air cleaning
Toxicity Not toxic if not ingested


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