Begonia

Begonia

Life form Grassy, ​​shrub, ampel
Family Begoniaceae
Origin Tropics and subtropics of Asia and Africa and America.
Ease of cultivation Easy with small difficulties
The size From 5-8 to 50 cm
Growth rate All varieties grow very quickly and start to bloom in the first year of planting.
Lifespan The plant is desirable to rejuvenate as it ages. Tubers in winter are in a period of rest. Tubers can be left in a pot or removed from it and stored in dry peat.
Temperature In summer: preferably not above 69,8 ° F, if the temperature is higher, it is desirable to provide high humidity and intensive watering; winter – minialnaya 59 ° F.
Humidity Medium, can be placed in a pallet with wet gravel. Occasionally (once a week) can be sprayed, but the water should not fall on the leaves, which can become stained and bend.
Lighting Scattered light. Water caught on leaves, in bright light can lead to burns.
The soil 1 part of the sod land, one part, garden, 1 part sand. You can use the Soils “Begonia”.
Watering Summer 1 or 2 times a week, in winter – every 10 days. Excessive hydration can lead to decay of the root system.
Fertilizer Once a month, alternating liquid mineral and organic fertilizers. For good flowering, fertilizers with a high phosphorus content.
Reproduction For reproduction, cuttings obtained during pruning in spring and summer can be used. It takes root very easily in water. Many species can even be multiplied by parts of a leaf. Seed propagation is possible in spring. Tuber tubers reproduce with tubers.
Bloom Bloom continuously, mostly in summer.
Transfer One year after flowering.
Features of care It is desirable to grow in a ventilated room in order to avoid fungal diseases. For the plant, combustion products of gas are harmful.
Difficulties It is affected by spider mites and aphids. Possibly affected by powdery mildew, rust and leaf spot. Low temperature causes the leaves to fall off, and insufficient watering. Weak bloom is observed with a lack of light and nutrition. The leaves are dry and lethargic in a hot dry atmosphere, yellow and drooping – in a damp and cold. Bubble spots and further blackening of the sheet in bacterial wilt, small white spots on the leaves with mildew, brown and black spots with at botrytis rot (in all cases should be sprayed with fungicide). Yellow rings and spots are a viral disease (the plant should be destroyed). Rot on leaves and flowers can be caused by spraying from above, and at the base of the stem appears when waterlogged.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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