Amaryllis

Amaryllis

Life form Grassy onion
Family Amarillidaceae
Origin South Africa
Ease of cultivation Requires special care.
The size It reaches 50-70 cm in height.
Growth rate Average
Lifespan 3-4 years in one pot, with proper care bulb can exist for many years.
Temperature In summer: up to 73,4, in winter not lower than 39,2-44,6 ° F. After planting the bulb, the temperature should be higher, after forcing – it is desirable to reduce it.
Humidity Requires medium humidity.
Lighting Illuminated place, bright light.
The soil Fertile, loose soil is suitable. You can take   2 parts garden soil (earth greenhouse can use, peat moss), 2 parts of humus (leaf earth), 1 part of coarse sand or perlite. You can use the spruce bark. Good drainage is required. Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering During flowering and growth, the soil should be moderately moist, watered every 3-6 days. By the autumn watering cut. The soil in which the bulb is dormant, not water. Do not water the flower arrow until it reaches a height of 10 cm.
Fertilizer Fed with liquid fertilizer once a month with the appearance of flower arrows. Top dressing is stopped in autumn with yellowing of the leaves.
Reproduction Branch of bulb-children, which are planted in small pots. The size of the pot is increased as the bulb grows. Plants bloom for 3-4 years. Can be propagated by seeds (for example, after artificial pollination). Seeds are planted in a mixture of peat and sand. Seedlings appear after 2-3 weeks. After 3-4 years, large plants are formed.
Bloom Bright flowers appear in January-April. Flowering lasts 2-3 weeks.
Transfer A large bulb is transplanted every 5-6 years. The transplantation is performed during the rest period. Bulbs grow better in slightly cramped conditions.
Features of care To form a flower bud, the plant needs a rest period. In autumn, watering is reduced, after yellowing of the leaves, the plant is stopped to water and placed for 2-3 months in a dry, warm, unintended place.
Difficulties Possible threats are thrips, green aphids, mealy bugs, spider mites and cyclamen. Fight with insecticides. Possible viral diseases – mosaic (yellow spots on the leaves), downy mildew (silver spots on the leaves), rust (red-brown spots). The plant can be affected by a daffodil fly (the bulb rotes), a red burn (red longitudinal spots on the leaves). To combat mildewy mildew, the plant should be treated with a fungicide, in all other cases destroyed.
Air cleaning
Toxicity Care should be taken when working with bulbs. they are poisonous. Moderate ingestion of these plants can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and other symptoms that are not life threatening.


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