Vriesia

Vriesia

Life form Herbaceous
Family Bromeliaceae
Origin Central and South America
Ease of cultivation Easy with small difficulties
The size The total height from 30 cm to 1 m.
Growth rate Average
Lifespan After flowering rosette lives 1-2 years. It is necessary to separate the young rosettes for further cultivation of the plant.
Temperature About 64,4-77 ° F in summer, in winter – not lower than 62,6-64,4 ° F, the plant is thermophilic, the temperature should be relatively constant throughout the year.
Humidity High, not less than 60-70%. It is desirable to spray with soft water, not falling on the inflorescence. The outlet should be water, it is desirable to place wet sphagnum on the surface of the soil. The pot can be placed in a pallet with wet claydite.
Lighting A bright, non-directional light. Can grow in partial shade.
The soil Light soil from a deciduous mixture of humus, sand, peat, sphagnum desirable addition. You can use one part of peat and coarse sand. Required to drain at least a third of the volume of the pot.
Watering Keep the soil slightly damp in summer, pour soft water at least once in 3 days into a rosette of leaves. In winter, watering is very moderate, the land should dry well between watering.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn, every 15 days, strongly diluted soluble fertilizers. They are recommended to be poured into the socket. You can spray the leaves with fertilizer for orchids.
Reproduction Children from the mother plant, when they reach a third of its height, or by dividing the bush, preserving the maximum number of roots. To separate the baby, use a sharp knife, sprinkle the cut with charcoal. After drying the baby (within 2 days), wrap with sphagnum or sprinkle with peat and plant in the main substrate, where germinate, regularly sprinkling, keep in the shade. Scions will bloom only after 3-4 years. Can be propagated by seeds in a mini-greenhouse at a temperature of 77 ° F, which is sown in a mixture of sand and sphagnum. Sprouts appear after 3 weeks. When they have 2-3 leaves (3-4 months), the seedlings should be dived and transplanted into separate pots.
Bloom Small yellow or whitish flowers with large red or yellow bracts gathered in spikelets. Bracts persist for several months or even some hybrids for a whole year. Blooms in February-April or May-July.
Transfer To transplant after purchase from a transport pot in the basic substrate, not deepening a plant. The next transfer is in the separation of children.
Features of care It can be grown without soil in the form of “bromeliad tree” by wrapping the roots damp moss and regularly spraying the plants. To stimulate flowering, it is desirable to use ethylene, which can be provided by placing the plant under a plastic bag with an apple lying next to it.
Difficulties Possible Jose scale, rarely mealybug, spider mites. Drying of leaves and brown tips are observed at too low humidity. At a low temperature, the leaves wilt and rot may develop. The roots and base of the stem rot with an excess of moisture in the soil. Child sockets are not formed when there is a shortage of food. Gray spots on the leaves can occur when the fungus is affected.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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