Sauromatum

Sauromatum

Life form Herbaceous tuberous plant
Family Araceae
Origin East India, Nepal, Burma, Himalayas
Ease of cultivation Easy to grow
The size At home to 1-1.5 m
Growth rate The plant is formed in 1 season.
Lifespan Perennial plants, but for the winter the aboveground part dies off, only the tuber remains.
Temperature In the summer: up to 75,2 ° F, minimum – + 59 ° F.
Humidity In summer it is better to spray at least 2 times a week. Sauromatum can adapt to dry air, but this increases the threat of contamination spider mite.
Lighting He prefers scattered light and partial shade.
The soil For the soil of own preparation, take: 1 part of sod land, 1/2 part of coarse-grained sand or perlite, 1 part of leaf land. Or – 1 part turf, 1 part humus, 1 part peat earth, 1/2 of sand (pH 5-7). Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering In spring and summer, plenty of water 1-2 times a week with water at room temperature, it is best in the morning. The soil should be slightly between waterings to dry toavoid rotting of tubers. In winter, the tubers are not moistened.
Fertilizer In spring and summer every 2 weeks. It is useful to use organic fertilizers.
Reproduction Sauromatum during the growing season forms small child near maternal tubers. The plant is propagated by separating these tubers.
Bloom Cob with a veil, rarely blooms, flowers 20-30 cm outside purple, inside yellow-green with purple stains. The flower has an unpleasant smell. With artificial pollination, berries appear on the spot of the flower.
Transfer The tubers begin to grow at the end of winter. The inflorescence appears even before the planting of the tuber, after which the tuber is placed in the soil.
Features of care In summer the plant can be taken out on the street or on the balcony. Sauromatum has a period of rest. Beginning in October, tubers are excavated for the winter and stored in a dry place at a temperature of 50 ° F. The intensity of flowering sauromatuma depends on the size of tubers.
Difficulties Most often it suffers from the rotting of the tuber in excess watering. It is affected by a spider mite. Leaves can bend from a lot of weight, so they are recommended to tie.
Air cleaning
Toxicity You should be careful when handling the plant, as with all Araceae leaves contain toxic chemicals.


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