Pinguicula

Pinguicula

Life form Herbaceous predatory plant, insectivorous
Family Lentibulariaceae
Origin and distribution Tropics and subtropics of America, temperate and arctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere. About 80 species are known. In Europe, there are 12 species.
Ease of cultivation There are particularities in nursing, however among predatory plants one of the simplest.
The size Up to 5-15 cm, flower stems up to 40 cm.
Growth rate Low
Lifespan 1-3 years and more.
Temperature The plant can withstand a wide range of temperatures, in the summer from +77 to + 95 ° F, but with hot content requires high humidity. In winter, it is desirable to lower the temperature to + 59-64,4 ° F, but it is not allowed to decrease more. As in the case of orchids, the difference between nighttime and daytime temperatures of about 41 ° F.
Humidity The poultry grows on marshes, so it needs high humidity (40-75%), and, the higher the temperature, the more humid the air can be. However, spraying and washing the leaves are contraindicated. Therefore, all methods of air humidification can be used, but it is better to keep the plant in the terrarium. Nevertheless, he needs daily airing.
Lighting It does not require bright light, direct rays are contraindicated, it is quite shade-tolerant, it grows well on the eastern and western windows, can be grown under artificial illumination.
The soil As a substrate, you can use a mixture of peat with sand or perlite and vermiculite. You can use a mixture of sand, sphagnum and peat. Preferably acidic permeable soil.
Watering Pour moderately, in the summer about once every 1-3 days in the pan, you can not tolerate stagnation of moisture on the bottom of the pot, the soil should be moderately moist. In winter, with a cool content, watering is reduced to 1 time per week. Watered exclusively with distilled water or rainwater.   In winter, watering is significantly reduced to once a week. Use soft, standing water at room temperature.
How to fertilize Does not need fertilizer. On the contrary, fertilizing can lead to death. Also, do not artificially feed the plant with insects, especially dead ones. Usually in the summer it copes with the production of insects, but you can attract them by placing next to the plant pieces of fruit.
Reproduction The plant reproduces by means of leaf cuttings from leaves formed in winter.   It is possible to multiply, separating and dividing into rosettes, which are formed on the eve of the wintering of the plant, while the procedure is carried out in the early spring, before the beginning of vegetation.   Can be propagated by seeds, sowing them in a substrate from a mixture of peat and sand. Humidity of air should be high, and soil – insignificant.Therefore, cover the dish with polyethylene, periodically ventilating. After the formation of small plants, after about a few weeks they are planted.
Bloom Blossoms mainly in the spring. Flowers 2-3 cm in size are usually of violet color, but there are pink, blue, white and yellow.
Transplant and care Young plants are transplanted annually, adults every 2 years in March. Take the plant out of the pot, gently removing the old soil. The root system of the plant is rather weak, but in a new pot there should be enough room for normal flowering and development, in close crockery the grower grows poorly. In a new soil, a groove is made where the roots of the plant are placed, then the substrate around it is leveled. After transplantation it is desirable to provide the plant with high humidity, placing under polyethylene.   The plant is predatory, insectivorous. Its leaves have numerous glands, to the surface of which small insects adhere, which are digested by the plant.   It is not recommended to rotate the plant in relation to the light source. Most light for indoor growing species – pinguiculamoranensis Pinguicula moranensis var. grandiflora and alpine Pinguicula alpina.   The morian louse has a life cycle of 2 seasons: wet and dry. In summer the plant forms carnivorous leaves, in the winter succulent flesh-eating leaves develop.
Difficulties The plant is resistant to most pests and perfectly copes with them. Problems are more likely to occur when the growing regime is violated. In particular, in the bright sun, the appearance of burns and the drying of leaves. The leaves dry and frown with occasional watering or insufficient humidity.
Beneficial features Extract from the leaves is used in the treatment of cough and colds, and in veterinary medicine – as a laxative.
Toxicity


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