Passiflora

Passiflora

Life form Herbaceous, liana
Family Passifloraceae
Origin Australia, Asia, America, Madagascar
Ease of cultivation Easy to grow, suitable for beginners.
The size It can grow up to 3 m in length.
Growth rate Each year gives shoots up to 2.5 m long.
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In summer: preferably not higher than 75,2 ° F; in winter it is desirable to provide a rest period with a temperature of 53,6-64,4 ° F.
Humidity It is advisable to regularly (2-3 times per week) spraying teloy soft water without hitting the flowers, well put the pot in a pan with a wet expanded clay.
Lighting A bright light, a certain amount of direct rays is required. In the absence of sufficient light, the bloom is weak or the plant does not bloom at all.
The soil The soil must be breathable, sand or perlite with peat should be added if it is too dense. For a mixture of own preparation, take: 3 pieces of leafy land, 2 turfy ground, 2 parts of humus, 1 part of sand. Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering The soil should be constantly moist, but excess water from the pan should be drained. In summer, water every other day. In winter, watering is limited to 1 time every 7-10 days.
Fertilizer During the growing season, twice a month, liquid fertilizer for flowering plants, diluted twice.
Reproduction It is possible to propagate by apical cuttings 8-10 cm long, which have several buds, to root in a mixture of moist peat and sand at a temperature of 68-77 ° F. Cover the container with polyethylene. Rooting occurs within a month. Rooted also in water. Probably the reproduction of a mustache. In February, propagate with seeds that are sown in a substrate of leaf, humus, peat and sand. Cover with polyethylene or glass, keep the temperature 71,6-75,2 ° F. After the appearance of the first two leaves are dived.
Bloom Bloom all summer: each flower lasts for more than 24 hours.
Transfer In April, once in 2-3 years in the spring, it is better to flower in tight pots, so in adult plants it is sufficient to change the top layer of the soil.
Features of care The plant does not like drafts, but needs airing. A plant is desirable support, it can be made in the form of a flexible arch or ladder. You can grow in hanging baskets. The plant needs a regular pruning, each escape after flowering should be cut to the ground. In spring, also, shoots should be thinned for better flowering, new shoots should be cut to a third of the length. Flowers appear only on the shoots of the current year.
Difficulties It is affected most often by mealybugs, as well as spider mites, scutes, aphids. Leaves twist and become soft from the cold, turn yellow and fall off from low temperature or lack of moisture. The tips of the leaves turn brown or the leaves dry completely from dry air or insufficient watering. Too slow growth is most often associated with lack of nutrition. New shoots are formed with small leaves and flowering is not the shortage of light. If flowering is not available in sufficient light, this may be due to excessive fertilizing of the plant. With excess moisture, stems can decay.
Air cleaning
Toxicity Eating, especially in large quantities, can cause serious consequences for the heart, liver, kidneys or brain.


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