Nautilocalyx

Nautilocalyx

Life form Herbaceous
Family Gesneriaceae
Origin South America: Peru, Brazil, Colombia
Ease of cultivation For the cultivation requires little experience caring for Gesneriaceae.
The size Height up to 30-60 cm in height and width.
Growth rate It grows quite slowly throughout the year.
Lifespan With age, the plant loses decorativeness, so in 2-3 years it is desirable to rejuvenate it.
Temperature In the summer: 73,4-77 ​​° F, in winter not lower than 64,4 ° F, the plant is thermophilic and can die at low temperature. The plant should be protected from drafts.
Humidity Not less than 70%. Spray the air around the plant, avoiding moisture on the leaves, which can form stains from water. It is better to place the pot in a pallet with moist pebbles and do not spray the plant or use other methods to enhance  humidity. Keep plants away from radiators.
Lighting Scattered light. Suitable for the east and west windows, should be shaded from the direct midday rays. In bright light, the leaves turn yellow and twist. With a lack of light is not available bloom.
The soil Suitable light breathable slightly acidic soil. For own soil, you can take   2 parts ground sheet, 1 part coarse sand or perlite, 1 part peat, 1 part humus, you can add charcoal. It is mandatory to use drainage.
Watering During flowering regular watering, approximately every 2-4 days, the pot should never stand in the water, because from excess moisture, the plant can rot. Nevertheless, the land should not dry up. Use only soft water. With the onset of autumn watering cut, in winter to water 1 time a week. Water should not fall on leaves and flowers if possible.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn, once a month, a liquid fertilizer, diluted two-fold.
Reproduction The easiest way to reproduce is the rooting of stem cuttings, which are planted in loose soil (a mixture of peat, sand, leaf land) at a temperature of 68-71,6 ° F. It is desirable to cover the cuttings with polyethylene. Cuttings take root approximately 7-8 days. Rooting in the water is possible. Seeds are planted in January-February superficially in a bowl (not sprinkled with earth). Cover the container with glass and germinate the seeds at a temperature above 68 ° F.Approximately 2-3 weeks after emergence of sprouts, they are dived.
Bloom Bloom profusely small fine light yellow, red at the base pubescent flowers (some species have purple flowers).
Transfer Transplanted 1 time in 2-3 years in the spring, while not necessarily increase the size of the pot. Be careful not to damage fragile roots.
Features of care Leaves can be cleaned with a dry brush, but not with a damp rag. Dry leaves should be removed in a timely manner.
Difficulties It is affected most often by a spider mite. Sites of dry tissue on the leaves are the result of a sunburn. If there is insufficient light the plant grows slowly, the stalks are drawn, and the leaves become smaller. The leaves twist, and their tips wither in the dry air. The leaves turn yellow and rot in the base with excessive watering in conditions of low temperature.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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