Hibiscus

Hibiscus

Life form Shrub, tree
Family Malvaceae
Origin Southeast Asia
Ease of cultivation Easy growing, hibiscus – one of the most common plants.
The size 1,2-1,5 m
Growth rate Very rapid growth, shoots grow 5-6 cm in length every year.
Lifespan Many years.
Temperature In summer: optimally 60,8-71,6 ° F, in winter it is desirable 57,2-60,8 ° F, the plant should be moved closer to the window.
Humidity Prefers high humidity, needs daily spraying with soft water.
Lighting Ideally the south-west window, requires bright non-directional light, it should be played on the southern window.
The soil Well drained general-purpose soils. Purchased soil should be sufficiently airy, sand or perlite with peat should be added if it is very dense. It needs rich soil. For the soil of own preparation it is necessary to use: 1 part of garden ground, 1 part of coarse-grained sand or perlite, 1 part of wet peat or humus (leaf land), and a little lime. Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering The soil must be constantly moist, watered every 3-4 days in the summer. Use warm water. Winter watering limit, but do not allow the drying of the earthy coma. With insufficient watering, the leaves fade, but they easily restore the turgor after the plant is poured. With systematically dry soil, the leaves can begin to fly around.
Fertilizer From April to October, at least once every 3-4 weeks. An alternative is the use of slow-action granular fertilizers, which are applied annually in early spring. For variegated varieties, fertilizers with a reduced nitrogen content are required.
Reproduction In spring, semi-mature stalk cuttings with 3 nodes 7-10 cm long. Root in water or wet sand, peat or perlite. Requires a temperature of at least 71,6-75,2 ° F. Seed propagation is possible. Seeds are pre-soaked using stimulants. Germinate in a wet napkin. As soon as there are little sprouts (3 days later) are planted in a mixture of sand and peat, cover with jar or film, put on diffused light. Seeds can be immediately planted in a nutritious mixture. Germination occurs about 7 days later. When multiplying by seeds, varietal features may not persist.
Bloom Flowers red, orange, white, pink, yellow, etc., terry and not.
Transfer Young plants (up to 5-6 years old) are transplanted every spring. The old times in 3-4 years. If the pot is too large, the plant may not bloom.
Features of care It likes fresh air and will grow without any effort at a beginner florist. Requires pruning, making it very strong. When the roots begin to grow from the bottom of the pot, it’s time to transplant! If possible, preferably in the summer to keep on the street in the summer.
Difficulties Exposed to pests: mealybugs, spider mites, Jose scale, and aphids. Perhaps the fall and yellowing of the leaves with insufficient watering, leaves pale with insufficient nutrients or in a small pot. The ends of the leaves wither, twist and turn yellow under insufficient light. The leaves can become covered with pink spots, if there is little sun and plenty of fertilizer. If the buds fall, not opening, the plant is flooded or it is cold, or there is not enough moisture or food.  In addition, the buds may fall off after moving plants or due to sudden changes temperature. With a lack of light, stretch the shoots.
Air cleaning
Toxicity Not poisonous.


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