Hatiora

Hatiora

Life form Epiphytic cactus
Family Cactaceae
Origin Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay
Ease of cultivation Easy to grow a plant
The size 15-35 cm in length to 5 years of age; up to 40-50 cm – 1.8 m long by 10 years.
Growth rate Medium, several centimeters per season
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In the summer: room, up to 80,6 ° F, closer to the autumn requires a lower temperature – + 51,8-53,6 ° F (so in autumn it is useful to leave the plant on the balcony). For normal flowering, lower temperatures are desirable in winter. At temperatures above 89,6 ° F hatiora flowers quickly dry up.
Humidity Not less than 40%. A regular (approximately every 2-3 days, every 10-12 days in winter) spraying with soft water in summer and winter is required if the temperature is above + 60,8 ° F.
Lighting Bright diffused light. In the summer you want to make shade from direct sunlight (in summer suitable eastern and north window), winter lighting should be bright.
The soil It requires a well-humified slightly acid substrate. For a mixture of self-cooking should take equal parts coarse sand or perlite, turf ground, leaf soil, peat. Good drainage is required.
Watering In summer, water with warm water every 3-5 days. The soil between watering should be slightly dry. The plant is harmful as the complete drying of the earth coma, and stagnation of moisture. When watering the water should leave the drainage hole, but it must be immediately poured from the pan. From October to December watering rare – 1 time per week.
Fertilizer During growth 1-2 times a month to feed fertilizer for cacti or for flowering plants. In winter, for better flowering can be placed hatiora in cool conditions and not to fertilize about 2 months, and the soil should almost dry. After the beginning of flowering, feed every 2 weeks with fertilizer with a high content of potassium.
Reproduction Easily propagated by cuttings. Cuttings after a small drying are rooted in a mixture of peat and sand. In the spring, it is being spread by sowing seeds.
Bloom Hatiora salicornioides blooms in winter and spring, small yellow flowers, which are located at the end of the shoots. On the spot flowers then appear semi-transparent berries with a red tip. Other species have larger red and pink flowers.
Transfer Transplanted after flowering in March – April every 2-3 years.
Features of care Grown up as an ampel plant in hanging baskets. It does not like drafts, the branches of the plant are quite fragile and break easily. It is desirable to periodically wipe the shoots with a damp cloth. In summer it is useful to take out on a balcony or place in the shade in the garden.
Difficulties Sometimes there are mealybugs, spider mites. Buds and flowers can fall off when moving a plant, from temperature drops or drafts. If the temperature is below + 50 ° F in autumn, flower buds may not appear. Light spots on segments can arise from excess light. Too slow branching of segments is observed when there is a shortage of power. Hatiora may rot from excessive watering.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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