Guzmania

Guzmania

Life form Herbaceous
Family Bromeliaceae
Origin Central and South America: Panama, Costa Rica, Colombia.
Ease of cultivation Easy with small difficulties.
The size The total height is up to 75 cm, width – up to 60 cm. However, on average, the height does not exceed 40 cm.
Growth rate Low
Lifespan After flowering rosette lives 1-2 years. It is timely to separate the young rosettes for further growing the plant. Do not wait for the complete withering of the mother socket.
Temperature About 64,4-77 ° F in summer, in winter – not below 50-53,6 ° F, the plant is thermophilic, the temperature should be relatively constant throughout the year.
Humidity Not less than 50-60%. It is desirable to daily spray with soft water, not getting on the inflorescence. The outlet should be water, it is desirable to place wet sphagnum on the surface of the soil.
Lighting A bright, non-directional light. From too much light, the bracts turn pale.
The soil Light soil from a deciduous mixture of humus, sand, peat, sphagnum desirable addition. You can use one part peat and coarse sand. Required to drain at least a third of the volume of the pot.
Watering Keep the soil slightly moist in summer, pour soft water at least once a week into a rosette of leaves (except for the flowering period). In winter, watering is very moderate, the land should dry well between watering.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn, every 2-3 weeks, strongly diluted soluble fertilizers. They are recommended to be poured into the socket. You can spray the leaves with fertilizer for orchids.
Reproduction Children from the mother plant, or by dividing the bush, preserving the maximum number of roots. To separate the baby, use a sharp knife, sprinkle the cut with charcoal.After drying, wrap the baby with sphagnum or sprinkle with peat and put in the main substrate, where germinate, regularly sprinkling, keep in the shade. Scions will bloom only after 3-4 years. You can propagate seeds in a mini-greenhouse at a temperature of 77 ° F, which is sown in a mixture of sand and sphagnum (seeds only slightly sprinkled with soil). Seedlings appear in 2-3 weeks. When they have 2-3 leaves (3-4 months), the seedlings should be dived and transplanted into separate pots.
Bloom Small flowers with large multicolored bracts, gathered in spikelets. Bracts persist for 1.5-2 months.
Transfer Transplant after the purchase at the end of flowering from the transport pot to the main substrate, not deepening the plant. The next transfer is in the separation of children.
Features of care At a temperature below 64,4 ° F, the water from the outlet should be poured out. The plant does not like drafts
Difficulties Possible Jose scale, rarely mealybug, spider mites. Drying of leaves and brown tips are observed at too low humidity. At a low temperature, the leaves wilt and rot may develop. Roots and base of the stem rot with an excess of moisture in the soil, the plant can die. Child sockets are not formed when there is a shortage of food. Gray spots on the leaves can occur when there is a fungus infection. Brown spots occur with sunburn.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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