Eugenia

Eugenia

Life form Bush
Family Myrtaceae
Origin Tropics and subtropics, tropical America, Australia
Ease of cultivation Easy with small difficulties.
The size Can reach heights of up to 1 – 1.5 m in room conditions.
Growth rate It grows quite intensively.
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature Summer prefers room temperature, it is desirable to cool winter at a temperature 44,6-64,4 ° F.
Humidity High, it is desirable to put the plant in a pot with wet gravel.
Lighting Sunny place with a light shading. May for a limited period of time withstand low light conditions.
The soil It needs ready-made rich acidic soil  for general purposes. For a soil of own preparation, take: 1 part of the garden land, 1 part of coarse sand or perlite, 1 part of wet peat or humus (leaf land). You can use soil based on peat with the addition of sand or perlite and a small amount of humus. Good drainage and a pot with a hole is required.
Watering Water abundantly with soft water in summer once a week, and in winter every 7-10 days. Eugenia does not tolerate excess salts in the water. The need for irrigation can be judged by the weakened gloss that has lost its foliage.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn, every 3-4 weeks a complex fertilizer, rich in nitrogen and potassium. It is useful to use organic fertilizers
Reproduction It is quite difficult to multiply by apical cuttings in summer at a soil temperature of 77 ° F. Plant cuttings in a mixture of peat and perlite and cover with a film. Rooted under conditions of non-directional light.It can be spread by seed in January till March, which remain viable for only a month. They are sown to the surface of the substrate from peat and sand, the top is lightly sprinkled with soil, covered with polyethylene and germinated in diffuse light at a temperature of not less than 69,8 ° F. Seeds germinate within 3-4 weeks. It is necessary to dive the seedlings in time. In the future, it is necessary to form the crown, pinching the sprout at the correct height.
Bloom In summer, creamy-white flowers appear in the panicles. At the site of the inedible flowers develop red and pink berries.
Transfer Young – every year, in the spring. Adult plants are transplanted Eugenia every 2-3 years. Old plants only change the top layer of the soil.
Features of care The plant can be grown as a Bonsai. For the summer it is good to take the plant in the garden, but in this case it can not be placed in direct sun. The plant does not like drafts. It requires regular pruning in the spring and topping. Shrub can be given any shape.
Difficulties Infestation of aphids, whiteflies and red spider mites and mealybugs. With excessive watering, it is possible to develop root rot. Stems lengthen and pale leaves with a lack of light.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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