Dyckia

Dyckia

Life form Herbaceous
Family Bromeliaceae
Origin Tropics and subtropics of America, Brazil
Ease of cultivation A plant for beginners
The size It reaches a size of 15 cm, forms a flower stem up to 25 cm long.
Growth rate Low, grows slowly enough
Lifespan Rosette lives about 3-5 years. It is timely to separate the young rosettes for further growing the plant.
Temperature About 71,6-84,2 ° F in summer, in winter – not lower than 62,6-64,4 ° F, minimum 44,6 ° F. Dikiya – one of the most cold-resistant plants among all bromeliads.
Humidity Not less than 60%. It is desirable to daily spray with soft water, not getting on the inflorescence. There must be water in the outlet. The surface of the soil is useful to cover with wet sphagnum. In the flowering period, it is better not to spray, because from excessive moisture, flowers lose their decorativeness.
Lighting A bright place is required. Suitable bright sun. It can exist in the penumbra, but the growth will be limited.
The soil Light fertile soil from a mixture of garden soil, sand, peat moss, it is desirable to add sphagnum. You can use one part peat and coarse sand. Required to drain at least a third of the volume of the pot.
Watering Water in summer abundantly at room temperature under the root cervix approximately once a week, the upper third of the substrate between watering should dry up. In the winter, watering is very moderate, so as not to allow complete drying of the soil.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn, every 3-4 weeks, strongly diluted (up to 4 times) soluble fertilizers. The plant can not be fertilized, but in this case they grow more slowly.
Reproduction Children from the mother plant, 5 cm long. When using the plant, gloves should be used. Cut off the child with a sharp knife, sometimes it is quite difficult and it is required to remove the whole plant from the pot; When detaching children, you should try to keep as many of its roots as possible. If there are no roots for the baby, phytohormones should be used and should be placed under polyethylene for better germination. After drying, put in the main substrate, where germinate, regularly sprinkling. First time it should be kept in the shade. When the roots fill the entire pot, the young plant should be transplanted into a larger one. Scions will bloom only after 2-3 years. You can propagate seeds in a mini-greenhouse at a temperature of 77 ° F, which is sown in a mixture of sand and sphagnum (seeds only slightly sprinkled with soil). Seedlings appear in 2-3 weeks. When they have 2-3 leaves (3-4 months), the seedlings should be dived and transplanted into separate pots.
Bloom Inflorescence of orange-yellow flowers in the form of a bell. Blossoms in the spring.
Transfer Transplanted after after pot becomes small in the case if the plant will become unstable. The plant needs a fairly large pot in volume equal to the plant, or even slightly larger.
Features of care In summer, it is better to take the plant out into the open air. Damaged leaves must be cut off in time. You should be careful when transplanting, because you can prick sharp thorns. It is better to transplant in gloves.
Difficulties Possible scutes, spider mites, mealybugs. At a low temperature, the leaves become soft and droop. With excess moisture, the roots and the base of the stems can rot.Subsidiary rosettes are not formed if the plant lacks nutrients. On the leaves, gray patches may appear as a result of fungal infection. When watering with hard water, the tips of the leaves turn brown.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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