Dorstenia

Dorstenia

Life form Grassy, ​​succulent
Family Moraceae
Origin Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman
Ease of cultivation Care, as a rule, is easy.
The size Most often from 30-40 cm in height, the inner barrel to 15 cm in Diameter.
Growth rate High, up to 20-25 cm per year
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In summer: 73,4-87,8 ° F, in winter not below 60,8 ° F. Plants are thermophilic, do not tolerate low temperatures.
Humidity 30-40% during growth. In the period of rest, enough humidity of 20%, but it is better after turning on the heating to put the plant away from the radiators.
Lighting A bright place. Adult plants prefer not less than 7-8 hours of scattered light daily. Young plants need more shading.
The soil The soil should be light and easy to flow. The soil should not be fertile, the pH between weakly acid (6.0 – 6.5) or neutral to slightly alkaline (above 7.0). For example, 1 part of the sod land, 1 part peat, 1 part leaf land, 1 part sand. In the soil can be added crushed limestone or granite, gravel and pumice. Requires good drainage.
Watering In summer, regular watering every 7-10 days with soft warm water (2 times a week), before the next watering the soil should dry slightly from above, but do not dry completely between waterings. In winter, water is very limited (about once every 3 weeks).
Fertilizer For a season it is enough to make fertilizer once in a half dose.
Reproduction They reproduce by stem stems, which can be obtained from shoots 2 to 3-year-old tree. Cuttings are cleaned with tap water and liquid detergent, and then washed with distilled water, they usually take root no more than 3 weeks. Plants from such cuttings bloom and bear fruit after 5 to 7 years. Multiplies also at seeds at 77 ° F. When the first leaf appears, the seedlings are dived and transplanted into 7-cm pots. Seeds do not germinate very well.
Bloom Strange greyish-greenish “horned” inflorescences in the form of a shield. Each consists of several small flowers.
Transfer In February-March, young plants annually, increasing the diameter of the pot by 4-5 cm. In adult plants, if the pot diameter exceeds 30 cm, you can replace the top 3 cm of soil. At the same time, up to 20% of organic fertilizer can be directly added to the soil mixture.
Features of care In winter, the plant passes into a period of rest, does not grow and can lose some of the leaves.
Difficulties It is affected quite rarely by sucking insects. If the plant enters a period of rest, the fall of the leaves is normal. Otherwise, it may indicate insufficient irrigation or, conversely, of excessive moisture and decay of roots.
Air cleaning
Toxicity Has a peculiar smell when the trunk is damaged.


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