Datura

Datura

Life form Bush
Family Solanaceae
Origin Brazil, Great and Little Antilles.
Ease of cultivation Easy to grow with little difficulty.
The size Can reach a pot of 180 cm in height.
Growth rate Grow in one season from seeds to 35-40 cm.
Lifespan Perennial
Temperature In the summer: preferably up to 64,4 ° F, in winter + 55,4-60,8 ° F, not less than 44,6 ° F. The plant as a whole prefers keeping in coolness.
Humidity The plant is preferably sprayed daily with soft water at room temperature, especially in winter at temperatures above 60,8 ° F.
Lighting The plant needs a lot of bright light and direct sunlight. Suitable south window to shading. Can grow in partial shade.
The soil 2 parts of turf, 1 part of leaf land, 1 humus, 1 peat, 1 coarse sand or perlite. You can use a substrate based on peat. Always use a pot with a hole.
Watering Frequent, during the flowering period, watered with soft water in the summer, the soil should not dry out, otherwise the plant can lose flowers and fruits. In winter, when theplant is at rest, watering, when the soil is dry.
Fertilizer From May to September 1 every 2 weeks with liquid fertilizer.
Reproduction You can propagate seeds in the early spring at a temperature of 60,8-71,6 ° F, sowing them in mini-greenhouses in a mixture of peat and sand. After sowing, seeds should only be lightly covered with soil. Seeds usually germinate very easily. When they germinate, a mini-greenhouse can be transferred to light. A month after the emergence of shoots (when there are at least 2 leaves), plants can be dived and transplanted. The plant also propagates with stem cuttings in spring, which take root in a mixture of peat and sand at a temperature of 71,6-75,2 ° F.
Bloom Blooms in summer with white tubular flowers up to 2 cm in size. Flowers have a strong aroma.
Transfer As the seedlings develop, transplant 2 times. In the future, transplant the plant every year in spring in a larger pot, cutting off shoots to half.
Features of care In summer it is desirable to take the plant out into the open air. Datura can grow as an indoor and and how to plant flower beds. After flowering it is desirable to remove seeds for possible repeated flowering. In autumn, the stems must be cut if the plant has grown too much. In winter, the dope may be at rest, if desired, it can be kept in the dark at a temperature of about 50 ° F and watered no more often than once a month.
Difficulties Infestation of aphids, spider mites, scale insects and whiteflies. Fruits and leaves can wither and fall off from the hot dry air (at a temperature above 69,8 ° F), a lack of moisture in the soil, due to excess or shortage of light watering. The plant is stretched, the growth of the weak is due to lack of light. Leaves are bleached with inadequate feeding. The leaves pale, and the lower ones turn yellow with brown spots with a lack of magnesium in the soil. Yellow concentric rings on the leaves indicate a viral disease, the means of combating which is not possible.
Air cleaning
Toxicity Poisonous like all nightshade berries and they cannot be eaten. The plant is best not to grow in an apartment with children and animals.


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