Caralluma

Caralluma

Life form Succulent
Family Asclepiadaceae
Origin East and South Africa, Arabia, India.
Ease of cultivation Easy
The size The low-grown plant. The shoots are recumbent, up to 20 cm in length, 2.5 cm in diameter.
Growth rate Low
Lifespan For many years, the bush constantly gives new shoots.
Temperature In the summer: room, in winter it is desirable not lower than 59 ° F. However, it can carry the temperature below 41 ° F for a short period.
Humidity Low.
Lighting Bright diffused light for 6 hours a day. Do not put the plant next to the glass. possible burns.
The soil Suitable light soil for succulents with a small addition of sand. For a mixture of own preparation, take:   3 parts of coarse sand or perlite, 2 parts of garden land, 2 parts of humus (leafy earth), 2 parts of peat, 1 part of charcoal and bone meal.
Watering The top layer of soil between waterings in the summer should dry up. Watered about every 20-28 days, one or two glasses of water in November and February, no more than 1 time per month, in December and January, almost no watering.
Fertilizer During growth, once a month, feed fertilizer for cacti, diluted twice. It is desirable to use fertilizers rich in potassium and with a lower relative content of nitrogen.
Reproduction The easiest method of propagation Caralluma – division. When transplanting separate shoots of the plant with roots. From May to July stem cauliflower, which must first be dried within a day. Root in abundantly watered peat, sand, which do not water until completely dry, then again abundantly watered. Seed multiplication is possible in April.Seeds germinate in a warm place in a mixture of peat and sand, seeds are poured a thin layer on the surface of the substrate.
Bloom Flowers 2-3 cm in Diameter brownish purple color (sometimes greenish-yellow) appear at the base of the shoots. Blossoms in the summer.The flower has neriyatnym odor.
Transfer In the spring, every 2 years, small pots are required. It is advisable to use clay pots, in which the soil dries faster. Transplant only when the roots of the plant take up the entire pot, because Caralluma better blooms in cramped conditions of the root system.
Features of care A winter rest period is required.
Difficulties Rarely affected by pests. Root rot is possible with excessive watering.Perhaps the appearance of mealybug and fungal diseases.
Air cleaning
Toxicity


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