Ananas

Ananas

Life form Herbaceous
Family Bromeliaceae
Origin Tropics of Central and South America, Brazil. At home, it is usually grown ediblepineapple or real (Ananas comosus), which is an important crop.Also the decorative meaning is of a different kind –   a. sagenaria (bracteatus).
Ease of cultivation Lung.
The size Leaves up to 1 m long, the plant reaches 50-70 cm in height and width.
Growth rate Average.
Lifespan About three years. After flowering, the rosette of leaves dies, reproduction by daughter outlets is required.
Temperature About 73,4 ° F in summer, not below 59 ° F in winter.
Humidity Low.
Lighting Bright light, suitable south-west and south window shading.
The soil Easy soil from a mixture of deciduous humus, sand and peat. Drainage is mandatory.
Watering Keep the soil constantly moist in the summer, water with soft water at least once a week, well soaking the soil. In winter, watering is more moderate, the land must dry between waterings.
Fertilizer From spring to autumn, every 15 days, soluble fertilizers in a half dose.
Reproduction Propagation of pineapple is best of all by children from the mother plant, for separation it is necessary to use a sharp knife, sprinkle with charcoal. After drying, put the child in the main substrate, where it is germinated, regularly spraying.You can cut the “sultan” (the top of the plant), which is planted in a mixture of peat and sand and germinate at a temperature of 77 ° F.Seed propagation is possible, but it is quite difficult. You can grow pineapple from a rosette of leaves bought in the store fruit.To do this, it should be cut off, dried for a week in the dark and placed in moist peat with sand, then covered with polyethylene. Rooting lasts up to two months.
Bloom Forms small flowers with a spike length of 40-50 cm. The plant at home blooms at the age of 2-3 years and only with proper care. It is possible to stimulate flowering by treatment with ethylene. Flowering lasts about two weeks, the formation of the fetus lasts up to six months.
Transfer Transplant each year in spring. Only do so with young non-flowering plants.
Features of care Do not allow water to enter the core of the leaves. Excessive moisture is more harmful to plants,than insufficient watering.
Difficulties Possible scabies and mealybug.
Air cleaning
Toxicity Despite the edible fruit, the leaves of the plant contain acrid juice.


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